Demographic bonus or planet threat? Why Indonesia is at the center of population debates and solutions.

ICFP15 IndonesiaWhile many conferences come and go, the news that Indonesia will host the 2015 International Conference on Family Planning (ICFP) is important. It’s important for family planning and it’s important for Indonesia and the Asia Pacific region. Family planning, long neglected in many parts of the world, is now experiencing something of a resurgence, especially in Indonesia. And this comes not soon enough. With population pressures contributing to climate change, disease pandemics, resource constraints and conflict, with no hyperbole at all population planning could be said to be the key to the greatest challenges and opportunities facing our planet.

Indonesia has long been considered one of the leaders in population planning, halving its fertility rate between 1976 and 2002. After that a combination of financial pressures and political inaction led to a drop in resources. This has changed thanks to new government policies combined with a USD240 million investment in the newly created Indonesia Health Fund by the Gates Foundation, Tahir Foundation and eight other Indonesian businesspeople. As in many parts of the Asia Pacific region, Indonesia faces the challenges of social norms combined with access to technologies and public financing. Indonesia considers its large, young population to be a “demographic bonus”, a stance that could be seen to be at odds with a drive towards population growth reduction. However recently it signed an MOU for a new $40 million family planning program with Johns Hopkins University.

The issues facing the ICFP include creating demand for contraceptives, access to and quality of services; youth needs and participation; the demographic dividend; engaging and countering faith based organizations; financing; and accountability and advocacy. Simply put, the primary question facing the ICFP and its participants should be: how can we work together to make good quality family planning services and products freely accessible and desirable to those who need them? Tulodo looks forward to seeing you at the ICFP.

Sex is fun. Ini caranya…

temantemanlaki1Sex is fun, right? Tapi juga ada bahayanya. Untungnya, ada seks yg fun dan aman. Bagaimana caranya?

Menurut Temanteman.org, aktivitas seksual yang aman tidak memiliki risiko penyebaran HIV atau penyakit lain. Gunakanlah pembatas untuk mencegah kontak dengan darah atau cairan seksual. Pembatas buatan yang paling umum adalah kondom untuk pria, juga ada kondom buat perempuan. Cairan pelumas dapat meningkatkan stimulasi seksual. Pelumas ini juga mengurangi sobeknya kondom atau pembatas lain. Yakinkan bahwa anda menggunakan pelumas dari bahan dasar air, bukan minyak. Fantasi, masturbasi, obrolan seks, dan pijat non-seksual juga aman. And it’s all fun!!! For more information, click here:

Social and behaviour change in Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby 11May15Tulodo is in Port Moresby for a few days as part of its research project funded by Australia’s DFAT. So far we’ve had useful meetings and found an interesting variety of organisations working on social and behaviour change. Here is a selection of a few with some of their programs and initiatives:

We look forward to completing the research and getting back here to PNG again. Let us know if you have any suggested additions for our list.

Cold turkey better than hot pharma for smoking cessation

cold-turkeyIt turns out most people quit smoking without any assistance, despite the push by big pharma to sell their products and services. While some people think cold turkey implies there are no “interventions”, years of efforts to change behaviours and social norms have probably produced the effect of an intervention on those who choose to give up without help.

Tulodo appointed to undertake study on philanthropy in the Asia Pacific region

Indonesia Health Fund launchTulodo has been appointed by Australia’s Dept of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) to undertake a research project on philanthropic flows in the Asia Pacific region.  Tulodo will research and produce a report on the financial flows and programs of philanthropic actors in the Asia Pacific region. This includes a literature review, field visits, mapping potential partners, developing a scorecard of partnership effectiveness and producing case studies for the five priority countries of Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Viet Nam. The report is expected to contribute to DFAT’s policies on emerging actors and their role in local, regional and global development agendas.

 

Tulodo to partner with Kopernik on Fire Up Central Java Clean Cookstove project in Indonesia

Kedungurang stove demoAs part of Indonesia’s Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and World Bank Clean Stove Initiative (CSI), Tulodo is partnering with Kopernik to market cleaner cookstoves to poor households in Central Java. Tulodo’s role on the Fire Up Central Java Cleaner Cookstove project is to design and manage the marketing and community mobilisation activities, include formative research, marketing strategy, stakeholder engagement, capacity building for local partners and promotional activities.

According to StovePlus, Indonesia has a wide range of fuel and energy choices from traditional biomass and kerosene to electricity and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). An estimated 40% of Indonesian households (24.5 million households) rely on traditional biomass for cooking. Half of these households depend on firewood as their main cooking fuel. Traditional cookstoves (3 stone fires or cement wares) are characterized by low energy efficiency, high particulate matter (PM) emissions and low durability. Each year about 165,000 premature deaths in Indonesia are attributed to household air pollution (HAP) linked to traditional biomass cooking.

The Indonesian Stove Alliance (ATI) envisions that by 2030 all households in Indonesia will use clean cooking stoves, and that Indonesia will be free from Indoor air pollution caused by traditional biomass cooking technologies. ATI is working in close partnership with the Bio-energy Department of the Ministry of Energy, is supported by the World Bank Clean Stove Initiative Team, and is funded by the Australian Aid.

 

Mini insight on social networks and behaviour change

Social networks – and the social support provided through them – can improve a person’s ability to gain access to new connections and information as well as to identify and solve problems. If this support can help to reduce uncertainty or help to produce desired outcomes, then a sense of personal control will also be enhanced, including to change behaviours.