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WEEK 4 – Rapid Survey on COVID-19 behaviors, social, and economic impact on communities in Bone District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia


Weekly Findings Report 

Week 4, 11-15 May 2020

Snapshot of Findings

1. Background

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a virus first identified in China and reported to the WHO in December 2019. In January 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a global health emergency. Most people only experience mild respiratory illness symptoms. However, some people can experience severe symptoms, including pneumonia, resulting in lung damage and death. COVID-19 is more dangerous for older people and those with pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. The first case was reported in Indonesia on 2 March 2020 and on 13 April the government declared a national disaster. On 10 April, the government initiated Large Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB), including closing schools, workplaces, restricting movement and closing public places. The local, Indonesian and global effects of COVID-19 have an impact on people’s lives, families, communities and economies.

Bone consists of 27 kecamatan (sub-district), 335 desa (villages), with Watampone as the capital. Bone has 751,026 people, the most populous in South Sulawesi Province. By 15 May 2020, a total of 21,249 people have been tested with six (6) confirmed cases; 14 patients under treatment (Pasien Dalam Pengawasan/PDP); 310 under surveillance (Orang Dalam Pantauan/ODP); and 9,796 people at risk (Orang Dalam Risiko/ODR) (COVID-19 Task Force). Health promotion efforts include cleaning with disinfectant, distribution of face masks, and hand sanitizer. In 2019, as part of its BERANI program, UNICEF commissioned Tulodo to manage a project in Bone to prevent child marriage and improve menstrual health. The project staff and networks are being used to implement this study.

2. Objectives

This study aims to answer the question: what is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia over time? It explores how communities have responded, including any changes in health behaviors (e.g., use of face masks, practicing handwashing with soap, and social distancing) and how this outbreak has affected their economic status. We also explore their exposure to communication channels and campaign messages. This study also provides recommendations for partners and stakeholders in Bone to consider.

3. Methodology

This cross-sectional study uses a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods, conducted weekly from 23 April to 15 May 2020. This enables us to track changes from week to week and also over the life of the study. The quantitative survey is conducted via phone and online. We use snowball sampling methods to recruit participants via phone, while for online we distribute it through our partners. The total target sample is 450 respondents. For the qualitative study, we conduct 15 interviews via phone.

4. Results

Below are the results from week four of data collection (11-15 May 2020). 94 respondents total joined the study (90 via phone and 4 via online). Results are preliminary and subject to change.

4.1 Sample characteristics
4.2 Behaviors
Figure 1. Social distancing behaviours


Since we confirmed a COVID-19 case here, people no longer want to pass through this area. I sell fish at the market, and the income has decreased. People won’t buy fish if they know the fish is from Lamuru – Male respondent, 49 years, Tellu Siatinge

4.3 Impact of COVID-19
Figure 2. Social, economic and personal impact of COVID-19


We always have a protocol for the village security post. We always check the temperature of those who come to our village and ask them to wash their hands. Thus, we feel more relaxed – Female respondent, 40 years, Ulaweng

4.4 Communications

It is difficult for my children, who are still in school. They need a smartphone with data…and I have two children. It would be better if the government provides free data, as we need to buy it – Female respondent, 35 years, Cina

4.5 Social support given and received

5. Recommendations

This week, there has been an increase to six (6) confirmed COVID-19 cases. To manage the impact of the virus, these are the priority recommendations for stakeholders in Bone to consider:

Dowload report: Findings Report Covid19-W4-18May2020


Gugus Tugas Penanganan Covid-19. (2020). Update data Penanganan COVID-19 Kabupaten Bone. dated 15 Mei 2020:

Liu, K., Chen, Y., Lin, R., & Han, K. (2020). Clinical features of COVID-19 in elderly patients: A comparison with young and middle-aged patients. The Journal of infection, S0163-4453(20)30116-X.

Sani, T.P., Mariska, S,., Prasetya, V.G.(2020), How vulnerable are the elderly to COVID-19?

Contact us:

Muliani Ratnaningsih (E:

Heribertus Rinto Wibowo (E:

Nicholas Goodwin (E:

Tulodo Indonesia

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