Tulodo Indonesia’s Journal Article on Child Marriage

Tulodo Indonesia is pleased to announce that our  article on child marriage with the title “One household, two worlds: Differences of perception towards child marriage among adolescents and adults in Indonesia” has been successfully published  in The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific (Volume 8, March 2021).

We would like to take this opportunity to thank our clients and partners, especially UNICEF Indonesia and  the government of Bone Regency, for their enthusiastic participation and excellent support to make this possible. At this exciting time, we would like to extend our cordial invitation to all our colleagues to consider our article as a literature reference for the best of your work.

One household, two worlds: Differences of perception towards child marriage among adolescent children and adults in Indonesia

The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific 
Volume 8, March 2021, 100103 (Pages 1-9)


Heribertus Rinto Wibowo (a); Muliani Ratnaningsih (a); Nicholas J Goodwin (a); Derry Fahrizal Ulum (b); Emilie Minnick (b)

a. Tulodo Indonesia
b. UNICEF Indonesia

Received 19 September 2020, Revised 4 January 2021, Accepted 21 January 2021, Available online 5 February 2021.



Indonesia is eighth in the world in the incidence of child marriage, with South Sulawesi province having one of the highest burdens (12.1%) in the country. The study explored the determinants of child marriage in Bone, South Sulawesi, in particular the differences between adolescents and parents.


This is a cross-sectional study using a quantitative survey. A total of 1,004 respondents participated (500 parents and 504 adolescents aged 13-15 years).


This study found that around one out of four parents or adolescents had perceptions that support determinants of child marriage.  A total of 25.8% of parents and 26.0% of adolescents agreed that a girl is ready for marriage once she starts menstruation. 25.6% of parents and 32.6% of adolescents agreed that girls aged over 18 who are not married are a burden to their families. Using the U-Mann Whitney, Kendall’s tau-b, and Pearson’s correlation test, these differences were found to be significant.


Overall, the perceptions of parents and their adolescent children do not greatly differ, with some notable exceptions. Positive perceptions towards the benefits of child marriage are still prevalent among both parents and adolescents. This indicates that social norms supporting child marriage are still strong among these groups. Comprehensive interventions are needed to promote the benefits of marrying later, based on local cultural contexts and evidence on efficacy.

You can find out more about Tulodo’s Journal Paper through the link below: LINK

Published by

Ratnakanya Hadyani

Kanya is Communication Officer for Tulodo. She hopes to tell stories that hopeful and thought provoking within complex situation created by behavior change and innovation.

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